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Facts and Figures

The current Gender Data Report 2022 is also available here as a PDF  (unfortunately not available in english yet).

 

Gender distribution at the University of Cologne 2022

(all data refers to the year 2020)

Women are represented at the University of Cologne (UzK) at almost all qualification levels or in all status groups at an above-average rate compared to the state and national average (cf. Gender Report 2019, Netzwerk Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung NRW). In the nationwide "Ranking of higher education institutions by gender aspects 2021" (cf. CEWS, 2021), the UzK is in the good midfield in a nationwide comparison with other universities with regard to the representation of women at the various qualification levels.

However, a closer look reveals clear differences both in terms of gender distribution at the individual qualification levels and with regard to the respective faculties and subjects.

Female students and doctorates
In 2020, 61% of students at the UzK were female (see chart: Studentinnen, Absolventinnen und Promotionen). However, this percentage varies greatly, depending on the faculty and department. The highest proportion of women was recorded by the Faculty of Humanities with 82%. The Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences and the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences had the lowest percentages, at 45% and 49%, respectively. In the group of completed doctorates, these levels could not be maintained. Thus, the proportion of women at the Faculty of Human Sciences was 70%. The lowest proportion of women was in the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences with 32%. Overall, 52% of women successfully completed their doctorates in 2020.

Postdocs
The group of postdocs is characterized by different factors. In the case of postdoctoral qualifications, the proportion of women was 26% in 2020. Here, the female share has increased significantly in recent years (in 1990, it was only 8%). At the same time, strong fluctuations over the last few years are visible in this group. These can be explained on the one hand by the low number of habilitations (47 in 2020) and on the other hand by the decreasing importance of habilitations in favor of other career paths. In 2020, for example, the proportion of women in junior professorships was 54% overall and 33% in junior research group leaders financed by third-party funds (see chart: Postdoktorandinnen).


Female professors
The proportion of female professors at the UzK in 2020 was 29% overall (all grades). On closer inspection, however, this is based primarily on the high proportion of women in visiting and substitute professorships. In the W2/C3 grade group, the proportion of women was 29%, and in the W3/C4 grades it was only 25%. The W2/C3 and W3/C4 grades combined had a 27% share of women (see chart: Professorinnen).
The differentiated presentation of W2/C3 and W3/C4 salaries over the last ten years shows a slow but steady increase in the group of W3/C4 salaries from 16% to 25% in 2020, but stagnation and even a slight decline in the development of W2/C3 salaries from 28% in 2009, to 32% in 2015 and 29% in 2020.
The appointment rate of women was 39% across faculties in 2018-2020 (see chart: Berufungen).

Academic staff and technical, administrative, and university management staff.
The further scientific staff (excluding female professors) shows an almost balanced gender ratio: 52% of the scientific staff at the UzK are female. And also in the group of personnel in technology and administration, the 50% mark is clearly exceeded with a share of women of 69%. However, it is also visible here that the proportion of women is somewhat lower at the higher management levels in the administration ((vice) chancellor, heads of departments and central offices). In December 2021, it was 46% and at the level of department heads it was 42% (see chart: Hochschulleitung).
In the self-governing bodies, women were represented by at least about one-third in 2019: at the rectorate level with 43%, in the senate and the university council with 50% each, among the deans with 17% and among the vice deans with 48%.

Conclusion
In summary, the UzK can boast a high proportion of women at almost all qualification levels, especially among students. This means that it has a large pool of talented potential young female scientists at its disposal. The continuous increase in the proportion of female professors is a particular success, although in 2020 the proportion fell back to 29% compared to the previous year (31%). And the figures still show that women are underrepresented, depending on the position, faculty and subject, and thus the equality goals have not been achieved. Particularly from the postdoc level and in leadership positions. Thus, it is still necessary to promote young female scientists and to attract female professors as well as female executives in the administration.

 

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